Naturalized Outdoor Play Areas at Schools to Support Physical Activity and Health—A Rapid Evidence Review

This rapid evidence review looks at how school ground greening, also referred to as naturalization, impacts the health of elementary school students, particularly from a play and physical activity perspective. Five themes emerged: Physical Activity Quality – Intensity and Duration; Diversity and Quality of Play; Age and Gender Variations; Interest, Ability and Inclusiveness; Sedentary Behaviour and Physical Literacy. Additional benefits were also captured and the report includes recommendations and resources for schools.

Toolkit for Developing and Influencing Physical Activity Policy

PARC's Toolkit for Developing and Influencing Physical Activity Policy is for practitioners, decision makers, and individuals who are responsible for getting their students, employees, friends, residents, clients, or community members more active by using a policy approach to support and encourage an active lifestyle.

How to use this resource:

  • Refer to it: The toolkit follows The Eight Steps for Developing Healthy Public Polices, created by Public Health Ontario (PHO). Although policy development is often resource intensive, this toolkit provides a systematic approach with information and practical worksheets to support new and experienced policymakers in the planning, implementation, and evaluation of physical activity policy.
  • Share it: As this toolkit is suitable for all levels of experience or comfort with policy development, it can be shared widely with teams, fellow policy developers, and anyone responsible for developing and implementing physical activity policy. Consider sharing with schools and workplaces.
  • Use it: Follow the steps outlined in the toolkit to create sustainable physical activity policies in your community.

Available electronically in English and in French

Canadian Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour Guidelines / 24-hour Movement Guidelines / Key Messages - all ages/languages

These various guidelines include the following: 

  • Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines for the Early Years 0-4 (2012)
  • Canadian Sedentary Behaviour Guidelines for the Early Years 0-4 (2012)
  • Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines for Adults 18-64 years (2011)
  • Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines for Older Adults 65 years and older (2011)
  • Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for Children and Youth (5–17) (2016)

Guidelines available in Inuktitut and Inuinnaqtun thanks to translation by the Government of Nunavut include those for: Children 5-11 years; Youth 12-17 years; Adults 18-64 years; and, Older Adults 65 years and older. The translated Sedentary Behaviour guidelines include those for Children 5-11 years and Youth 12-17 years.

The Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour Guidelines Key Messages (2017), produced by PARC, provide consistent messaging on physical activity and sedentary behaviour that can be used in all communication strategies. It encompasses the Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines, and the Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines and the Canadian Sedentary Behaviour Guidelines.

The Key Messages Document is available electronically in English and in French.

Move and Play through Traditional Games: Includes Video

The Alberta Native Friendship Centres Association and the Be Fit For Life Network collaborated on this project to share traditional games with our partners in Alberta. The resources are designed to support the sharing of these games with children, youth, and families. The games in the resources link traditional culture and values to physical literacy and fundamental movement skills. Use these cards and lesson plans to communicate the history and culture of traditional games and note how the skills and values are still important today. Includes 1-minute video.

Canadian Atlas of Child and Youth Injury Prevention Interactive Website

The Canadian Atlas of Child and Youth Injury Prevention Interactive Website brings child and youth injury data together on one platform, including injury outcomes, risk factors and policies concerning national and provincial level injury mortality, hospitalization, drowning, and transport data. The Atlas provides injury information and data through ten broad indicator categories and also highlights the research of the CIHR Team in Child & Youth Injury Prevention.

The goal of the Atlas is to assist practitioners, policy-makers and researchers in making informed decisions that will improve child and youth injury prevention measures in Canada.

Boating Safety Resources for the NWT

This week the NWTRPA and NWTRPA Aquatics Committee announced the territory-wide launch of a collection of boating safety resources to battle the high rates of drowning in the NWT. The resources include everything from posters (in English, Gwich’in, and Inuvialuktun), to a boat safety app, to a northern specific boating pre-departure checklist.

Active and Safe After School Initiative - Safety Check / Online downloadable resources

The Active and Safe After School Initiative includes various resources:

  1. After School Safety Check - resources and tools that help reduce the prevalence of physical injuries that occur during after school programs
  2. Free Online Resources - four resources related to safety education and injury prevention - Activity Plans, Activity Checklists, Parent Checklists, and 16 Checklists.

Parachute Safe Kids Week 2016 Resources

This site includes numerous resources including a Community Toolkit (for purchase) containing all the resources and tools needed to roll out a successful Parachute Safe Kids Week in your community. Use the toolkit to help organize activities and events around child safety At Home, At Play and On the Road.

Other resources include posters, media templates, banners, safety information such as for concussions, cycling, water safety, playground safety and more, research and evidence summary reports, and much more.

Safe for Elders, Safe for All

site from the Nlaka’pamux Nation Tribal Council with exercise videos, falls prevention techniques, games, events and additional resources. 

The Play Spaces Project Reports

The Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) "Active and Safe: Injury Prevention Initiative Tier 2 (C) Playgrounds and Neighbourhood Play Spaces" project funded under the PHAC "Active and Safe" initiative addressed the safety of outdoor play spaces (including playgrounds, green spaces, urban areas such as parking lots and vacant lots, and the street) available to vulnerable children and youth in Canada, aged six to 12.

The Canadian Standards Association and Canadian Playground Safety Institute currently address playground safety, however the safety of all outdoor play spaces being used by children, specifically among vulnerable populations in Canada, was a recognized gap.

Play Spaces For Vulnerable Children and Youth: A Synthesis Of Studies presents a synthesis of the following three studies and includes an overview of overlapping findings on children’s play space preferences as well as a description of safety issues and concerns regarding children’s play spaces.

The Play Spaces Project: Key Informants’ Perspective presents the methodology and results of a play spaces key informant survey, designed to determine what is known about safety issues associated with play spaces for this population.  

The Play Spaces Project: Literature Review presents the methodology and results of a literature review, designed to determine what is known about play spaces for this population.

The Play Spaces Project: Exploring Children’s Lived Experiences of Play Spaces through Participatory Photo-Mapping describes a pilot research project that employed Participatory Photo Mapping in order to gain a better understanding of children's experiences of play spaces in two low SES neighborhoods. It includes an overview of the study's main objectives, research methods and key outcomes. This is followed by an outline of potential implications of the study and suggestions and strategies for future work on children, risk, injury, and play spaces.


Evaluation of the Active and Safe Injury Prevention Initiative 2011-2012 to 2012-2013

The purpose of the evaluation was to assess the relevance and performance of the Active and Safe Injury Prevention Initiative. The timeframe of this evaluation was from April 1, 2011 (the date the initiative started) until March 31, 2013 (the date of its completion).

Program Description: The Initiative was a two-year $5 million initiative aimed at decreasing the incidence of sport and recreation-related injuries in children and youth (0-19 years) through improving community awareness and enhancing collaboration among injury prevention stakeholders. Initiative funding was distributed through contribution agreements to injury prevention and sports and recreation NGOs to deliver injury prevention projects across Canada. A total of 18 injury prevention projects were funded through three sequential tiers dealing with concussions, fractures and drownings.

Developing a Concussion Policy: Information for Recreation and Sport Leaders and Organizations

Developing a Concussion Policy: Information for Recreation and Sport Leaders & Organizations was produced in collaboration with a number of Canadian organizations from health, education, recreation and sport and is based on the Center for Disease and Injury Control (CDC)'s Get a Heads Up on Concussion in Sports: Policies Information for Parents, Coaches, and School & Sports Professionals. PSI is grateful to the CDC for permission to recreate the document for a Canadian audience.

This document is intended to promote discussion and action about concussion prevention and management strategies within sport and recreation organizations in Canada. Injuries, like concussion, are predictable and preventable. This information should not serve as a proxy for legal or healthcare advice.

This free resource is available for organizations to download and share as they embark on the process of developing appropriate concussion policies.

Course Manual to Obtain the Pleasure Craft Operator Card

This handbook is a reference guide for the Boating Safety Course in order to obtain the Pleasure Craft Operator Card as set out by Transport Canada. The text can be referred to during your course or can prepare you for the test. It can even be used as a personal reference later on board your boat. It has been drawn up in accordance with Transport Canada’s safe boating guide. If you have any comments regarding the contents of this handbook or the course, do not hesitate to contact the National Boating Safety School.

Water Smart Tips - includes boating, ice, fishing

Tips provided through the Lifesaving Society's Water Smart Program, which looks at efforts to reduce the incidence of drownings and water related deaths everywhere in Canada and specifically in Alberta and the Northwest Territories' water rich environments. Includes: Boat and Fishing Safety Tips; Ice Safety Tips; Water Safety Tips.

Boating safety tips in 33 languages

In an effort to reach out to Canadians whose first language is not English, the Lifesaving Society and Ontario Power Generation (OPG) teamed up to produce a tip sheet of ten boating safety tips available in 33 languages. Materials translated into the First Nations languages are available to the First Nations community and groups who promote boating safety including the Canadian Rangers.

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